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How The
Skin Works

Your skin is amazing. It is the largest organ in your body, and it grows with you from birth to adulthood. It allows you to feel a wide range of sensations, and it protects you from a variety of harm. In addition to providing protection from physical damage, your skin also helps keep out germs and bacteria.

It triggers your immune system when germs do manage to make their way through your skin. Plus, skin helps regulate your body temperature and it synthesises chemicals (like Vitamin D) that provide your body with the nutrients it needs.

Learning how skin works will help you protect and care for it, no matter what your age.

How Skin Works

Your skin is made up of three layers: the epidermis, the dermis, and the hypodermis. These layers work together and support each other. To learn how skin works; you must understand the purpose of each of the following layers:

The epidermis is the outer layer of skin. It contains melanin, which gives your skin color and protects against infections.

The next layer is the dermis, which is where blood vessels are located. It’s also where you find collagen (which supports your epidermis) as well as sweat glands, hair follicles, and nerve endings.

The final and deepest layer of skin is the hypodermis. This layer of skin connects to muscle and bone, and it is made of subcutaneous tissue, which provides insulation and helps control the body’s temperature.

A Little TLC

Although your skin is tough and can withstand a lot of damage, it’s important that you give it all the help you can. When skin is in poor condition, it will have a hard time doing its many jobs. Skin that is not properly nourished, hydrated, and protected may become dry, itchy, painful, and easily damaged.

Every 28 days or so, your skin will regenerate itself. This means that it won’t take long to see dramatic improvements when you start caring for your skin.

However, it’s important to note that some damage may not be healed in just a month’s time. For example, spending too much time in the sun or smoking can permanently damage the collagen you currently have and reduce collagen production.

Collagen supports your skin. When your collagen levels drop, your skin will begin to sag and can form wrinkles. Collagen damage may not be replaced when your skin regenerates.

Proper Skin Care

Although it’s best to start caring for your skin early in life, it’s never too late to start. Your main focus should be keeping your skin hydratednourished, and protected.

  • Hydration involves making sure that you drink enough water, and minimise your intake of fizzy or sugary drinks because they can dehydrate you. It’s also very important to use a daily moisturiser to hydrate your skin after cleansing.
  • Nourishing your skin means eating right, although some nutrients can be delivered with oils, serums, and moisturisers. Your skin needs beta-carotene, vitamins C and E, and antioxidants (from Rooibos and Green Rooibos), amongst other nutrients.
  • Finally, protecting your skin means staying out of the sun and making sure you’re properly covered when you do go out. In addition to using sunblock, you need to make sure that you’re selecting an SPF that offers broad spectrum (both UVA & UVB like for example Derma Protect SPF 20) protection for your climate.

Knowing how skin works can help you protect and take care of your body. Create a solid skin care routine to handle problems proactively, improve your overall health, and maintain a youthful appearance.

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Skin Types

Normal skin type is characterised by a radiant complexion. There are very few imperfections, barely visible pores, and no severe sensitivity. It glows with an inner health which indicates good blood circulation.

Normal skin is not too dry or too oily. It displays a rosy, smooth texture, and the skin’s elasticity is good. There are no visible blemishes, flaky areas or greasy patches on the skin.

In addition, the production of sebum or oils and moisture content are well-balanced. All of these characteristics of normal skin are often found in younger individuals.

However, it is quite rare to find all these characteristics. Normal skin, in essence, describes a near perfect skin with no to only a few visible skin imperfections. But even if you have normal skin that doesn’t mean you are immune to various skin concerns.

It is important to take precautionary measures such as a good skin care routine to avoid potential skin related problems. When someone has normal skin, they can become quite complacent with its care. Overtime skin will naturally become drier with age.

Skin can develop wrinkles, sunspots, and other lesions likely to occur due to a lack of sun protection or failure to implement a daily skin care routine. In women, there may be occasional pimples just before menstruation due to a surge in body hormones.

This makes the sebaceous glands produce more oils and clog the pores of the skin. Also, incorrect use of skincare products can develop breakouts and other skin problems. Over time, a normal skin type can change due to the aging process as well as additional internal and external factors.